Expert content, for researchers by researchers


Nymaim – obfuscation chronicles

We look at malware delivered by a campaign that has infected thousands of websites around the world - and the various control flow obfuscation techniques that make its analysis as interesting as it is challenging.

Versatile and infectious: Win64/Expiro is a cross-platform file infector

Recently, our anti-virus laboratory discovered an interesting new modification of a file virus known as Expiro which targets 64-bit files for infection. File-infecting viruses are well known and have been studied comprehensively over the years, but malicious code of this type almost invariably aimed to modify 32-bit files. One such family of file viruses, called

Operation Hangover: more links to the Oslo Freedom Forum incident

In our previous post on Operation Hangover, we revealed the existence of an attack group, apparently operating from within India, who were mainly targeting systems in Pakistan. In this post, we will analyze the Mac OS X samples that have been linked to this group and will provide new evidence that the Mac and Windows spywares are related.