Cybercriminals are switching tactics, a leading security body has warned – and the combination of anonymization technologies, mobile devices, and social media attacks could lead to cyberattacks with a “large impact”.
The interim Threat Landscape report released by the European Network and Information Security Agency is a “first taste” of a full report due by year end, and analyzes 50 reports to identify new and growing threats.
Drive-by exploits were identified as the number-one threat facing companies and computer users, but the company warned that other threats were rising in popularity – such as malicious browser extensions. “It is worth mentioning that an increase in malicious browser extensions has been registered, aimed at taking over social network accounts,” ENISA said. An ESET report on a malicious extension in the popular Orbit downloader can be found here.
“There is a shift from Botnets to malicious URLs as the preferred means to distribute malware. An advantage of URLs as a distribution mechanism lies in the fact that URLs are not such an easy target for law enforcement takedowns,” the report said.
The report also pointed out that cybercriminals were increasingly threatening infrastructure with targeted attacks, and an increase in the use of mobile devices and social media identity theft carried out via cloud services.
“It is clear that mobile technology is increasingly exploited by cyber-criminals. Threats of all kinds that were encountered in the more traditional arena of IT will affect mobile devices and the services available on these platforms. The wide spread of mobile devices leads to an amplification of abuse based on knowledge/attack methods targeting social media,” the report said.
The availability of cryptocurrencies and digital currencies also provided cybercriminals with an easy means to “launder” their gains, the report said – and also pointed out the increasing threat of cybercriminals offering “services” alongside malware.
“The availability of malware and cyber-hacking tools and services, together with digital currencies (e.g. Bitcoins) and anonymous payment services is opening up new avenues for cyber-fraud and criminal activity.”
This week, Russian cybercriminals reportedly offered a combination of a “hacked” PIN device and money-laundering service as a “package” to customers.
ESET Senior Research Fellow David Harley said, “The most worrying aspect is the support services package. Unfortunately, developing such support networks is something for which Eastern European gangs have shown particular flair in recent years. I suspect that we’ll see similar packages associated with banking Trojans that have the functionality to access information from smart card readers attached to Windows machines. “
ENISA warns that the increasing use of attacks which combine various techniques – mobile, anonymised attacks, and “cyber services” such as money laundering, could lead to serious threats.
“There is a real possibility of large impact events when attacks combining various threats are successfully launched,” the report said.
Executive Director of ENISA, Professor Udo Helmbrecht said: “This short, interim report informs security stakeholders as early as possible about developments in cyber threats, so that they are able to take countermeasures”.
Author Rob Waugh, We Live Security