No, Craig Shergold doesn't need a heart transplant. Others do, but Facebook sharing isn't the best way to accomplish that. "Craig who?" you may be asking…
Back in 1989, the most successful sympathy (semi-)hoax of all time set out on its weary trek towards the Guinness Book of Records. The bare facts (as I understand them): the story grew that an appeal had been made on behalf of Craig Shergold, then aged nine and diagnosed with a terminal brain tumour, to send him greetings cards so that he could make the Guinness Book of Records. There is some disagreement on the detail of how the appeal was initiated – compare the Wikipedia account to the alt.folklore.urban FAQ now hosted here. However, that’s minor compared to the confusion generated by hoaxers later (hold that thought).
Sure enough, the record was broken in 1989: considerable pushing from the media might have had something to with that. And in 1991, an American businessman paid for an operation that resulted in the successful removal of the tumour. And also, no doubt, legitimized the idea that chain-letters can be used to promote a good cause, but I can’t bring myself to gripe about that happy ending for Craig Shergold, who apparently remains alive and well.
Unfortunately, so are the chain-letters, even though, according to the FAQ, the Shergold family asked very publicly for people to stop sending cards in March 1991 (and on several occasions subsequently). Even though the Guinness Book of Records made it clear that it would not be caught again endorsing further attempts on that record. Even though the Make-a-Wish Foundation, which never had anything to do with the appeal in the first place, had to point out on its web site that it has no connection with the many chain-messages that feature sick children and claim to be associated with the Foundation. It even gives a list of some of the names of children mentioned in such messages. And sure enough, several of them are variations on the name of Craig Shergold that we associate with full-hoax variations on the original chain-letter, many of which decided that he wanted business cards or compliments slips rather than get-well cards.
It’s thought that the number of cards sent to the house in the UK where the Shergold family once lived runs well into the hundreds of millions (not counting business cards and compliments slips, or the stuff sent under the same umbrella to other addresses run by charitable organizations. (Let alone the Craig Shergold clones, some of whom are apparently still aged seven and living in parts of the world very far removed from Carshalton.)
Nowadays, most of this material is simply pulped. If the Shergold family was still receiving it, I guess they would have had to have moved to the British library by now, though even that august institution probably doesn’t have that much storage space…
What does this have to do with Facebook? Well, I haven’t come across the Shergold hoax on Facebook, though it wouldn’t surprise me to learn that it has been spread that way: other email hoaxes have made that transition very successfully. But I’ve mentioned before that I believe Facebook to be the natural home of the hoax nowadays, rather than email. And the ever-reliable urban-legend tracking site snopes.com has spotted a Facebook hoax which, though not a variant of the Shergold hoax, has one or two interesting (and discomforting) similarities.
You may have encountered the term slacktivism: it refers to the understandable preference for good deeds that don’t involve any actual expense in time or money to the person who does the deed. It’s one of the secret weapons of the dedicated hoaxer: while most hoaxes are based on the “hook” that “if you forward this message, you will get something out of it”, it does seem from the success of some similar hoaxes that if “something” is the warm glow of knowing that you’ve helped save someone’s life without any personal inconvenience or expense, that may be a more successful incentive than free trainers, a free cellphone, or even a cheque from Bill Gates.
Scepticism in the face of promise of “something for nothing” (irrespective of the “beneficiary”) may be less rewarding in terms of warm fuzzies, but if more people did have that degree of scepticism, there would be a dramatic impact on out-and-out cybercrime, let alone on hoax dissemination.
David Harley CITP FBCS CISSP
ESET Senior Research Fellow
Author David Harley, ESET